Portugal

NewsNew regulation found after the CAMbrella deliveries:

05.02.2015
The Portugese government has on September 2, 2013 decided new regulation on Acupuncture, Physiotherapy, Homeopathy, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Naturopathy, Osteopathy and Chiropractic. 1st Series No. 168-2-September 2013 1 Law No. 71/2013 September 2 amends law no 45/2003 of 22 August. The law relates to exercise of professional  activities applied in unconventional therapies.  The law applies to all professionals engaged in practice of the above listed treatments. Professional titles are protected and are only allowed to holders of the relevant practicing certificate. The ACSS (The Central Administration of Health System) organizes and maintain an updated, official register of those CAM professionals affected by the law (319).


Notice! All text below is copied from the CAMbrella report – delivered Dec 31, 2012

In this summary, you will find:

  • Direct links to the legislation of specific CAM therapies in Portugal
  • The legal and regulatory status of CAM and CAM practices in Portugal
  • The governmental supervision of CAM Practices in Portugal
  • The reimbursement status of CAM practices and medicinal products in Portugal
Go directly to legislation of specific CAM therapies in Portugal:
Acupuncture – Anthroposophic medicine – Ayurveda – Chiropractic – Herbal medicine/Phytotherapy –
Homeopathy – Massage – Naprapathy – Naturopathy – Neural therapy – Osteopathy – Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) – Other treatments

Portugal became a member of the European Union in 1986 (11) and a member of the
Council of Europe in 1976 (12).

The legal and regulatory status of CAM and CAM practices

Since 2003 six CAM therapies have been recognized by the Portuguese Law No 45/2003 of 22 august 2003 on the provision of non-conventional therapies. The regulated CAM
therapies are acupuncture, homeopathy, osteopathy, chiropractic, naturopathy and
phytotherapy (231).

CAM terminology adopted by governmental policy in Portugal is “nonconventional therapeutics” (232233). The word “medicine” was banned from the term and the new bill legitimises and defines “non-conventional therapeutics” (233).
Since 2002 the Medical Council has included acupuncture as a “medical competency” (233234).

The recognition of non-conventional therapeutics as different from conventional medicine and the use of distinct processes of diagnosis and their own therapeutics is expressed in the law (231232). Further the law recognized technical and ideological autonomy in the professional activity of the practice of non-conventional therapeutics (231,232). Article 13 on the Law No. 45/2003 states that “the citizens have right to choose freely the therapeutic that they prefer”(231).

The law No 45/2003 did not define criteria for practise and curriculum for CAM professionals (233). The statutory regulation for non-conventional practitioners states that in order for someone to practise a regulated therapy they have to be registered through the Government established system (Article 10) (50231).

An official Portuguese Government/State Inter-Ministerial Commission to Study and Propose the Regulation of “Non- Conventional Therapeutics” was to be established to draft detailed law regulations of CAM professionals (235). Rules relating to qualifications and professional status, including procedure for accreditation, training and certification of non-conventional therapy professionals were to be implemented before the end of 2005. Up to date that has not happened.

On 21 October 2011 in the National Assembly (RA), there was a unanimous vote of approval to the draft resolution No 146/2011, with publication in the Official Gazette No 215, Series I, 09/11/2011. The Government recommends that the regulations on Law no 45/2003 of 22 August, based on the framework of the therapeutic/non-conventional medicine are approved (http://dre.pt/redirect.html).

No protected titles were found for the regulated CAM therapies. The regulated professions physiotherapist and masseur are registered in the EU regulated professions database.

The governmental supervision of CAM Practices

The practice of non-conventional therapeutics is to be accredited and supervised by the
Ministry of Health (CAM law 2003, article 6 “Supervision and Professional
Accreditation”) (231).

The reimbursement status of CAM practices and medicinal products

Reimbursement is covered if the treatment is given by medical doctors (234).